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As fire danger increases, emergency responders keep watchful eye on the foothills

City Council considers expanding ban on barbecue pits, using new surveillance technology to mitigate risk

A sign at the entrance of Foothills Park indicates that the fire danger is high on Aug. 22, 2020. Photo by Magali Gauthier.

With wildfire threats growing more common and more severe, Palo Alto is looking to shut down barbecue pits in the foothills, accelerate its efforts to trim the notoriously flammable eucalyptus trees and potentially become a "test bed" for new surveillance technologies that could help with fire detection.

The city is working with Stanford University and regional agencies such as the Santa Clara County Fire Department, the California Department of Forestry and Fire Prevention (CalFire) and the Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District to identify and manage risks in the vulnerable areas in and around the foothills that make up the "wildland urban interface." And as part of a recently formed partnership with the county, the city is now operating Fire Station 8 in the foothills seven days a week. On days where fire risk is particularly steep, crews extend their shifts at Station 8 from 12 to 24 hours.

Even these efforts may not be enough, city officials acknowledged Monday. The city's wealth of open spaces, particularly in and around Foothills and Arastradero preserves, could turn into a tinderbox, as it almost did a year ago, when the CZU Lightning Complex fires began to approach the city. During the council's discussion of fire management, Deputy Fire Chief Kevin McNally recalled being told that the wind will turn east and that they will be "hot and fast," forcing the city to consider evacuations for the hundreds of homes in the foothills.

"We prepped and we prepped and we started going through the homes in the neighborhoods and letting them know that something might be coming," McNally said. "We were asking them to fill out cards, letting us know if people were left behind."

Luckily, the wind shift never came and the crisis was averted. But as Vice Mayor Pat Burt and other council members acknowledged Monday, the city may not be so fortunate next time. Even with the increased investment in fire prevention and improved coordination between agencies, Burt suggested that the city and its partners need to invest even more in fire protection.

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"We're facing a very acute risk," Burt said. "It's not good enough to say, 'We're doing a lot more than we were before and we're doing a pretty darn good job compared to other agencies that we benchmark against. The benchmarking has to be against the level of risk, and I don't think we're there yet."

The city's emergency responders have been taking some action to boost fire-prevention efforts, including conducting annual inspections to foothills properties to ensure residents are creating adequate "defensible space" around their homes. This includes removal of all dead plants and branches and removing leaves from their yards, roofs, rain gutters and other spaces within 30 feet from buildings, as well as cutting grass down to a maximum height of 4 inches within 100 feet of buildings. Earlier this month, staff from the Fire and Office of Emergency Services outlined these steps in a community meeting with residents from Palo Alto Hills and other vulnerable areas.

A view of the Palo Alto Hills neighborhood on Sept. 15, 2020. Photo by Magali Gauthier.

"The more that could be done at the front end by property owners to make their properties savable, the better chance we have of saving them on the back end," McNally said. "If we have three homes and two are well prepared and one is not, oftentimes we do the most we can with the resources we have and save the two, if the one requires too much work."

Ken Dueker, director of Palo Alto's Office of Emergency Services, said his office has also been encouraging residents to sign up for early warning systems such as AlertSCC and Zonehaven to get information about evacuations. They should also be prepared to leave even without an official order, Dueker said.

"Really, those of us in the first-responder community want to encourage people to not hesitate — not wait to be informed by some official channel, much less a knock on your door at 2 a.m.," Dueker said. "That's what we've been telling everyone consistently."

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City staff also acknowledged in a new report that even the actions recently taken collectively by agencies, landowners and property owners in the the near- and mid-term "might not be sufficient to mitigate or prevent a major fire."

"As we are seeing now with large fires in California and other areas of the Pacific Northwest, the usual concepts of defensible space, fuel reduction, and firefighting can be obviated when such fires generate their own winds (fire weather) and become unstoppable by humans," the report states.

Other agencies are also stepping up their efforts to meet the growing threat. The Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District has recently expanded firebreaks along Montebello Road and it removed about 100 eucalyptus trees in the area of Page Mill Road and Skyline Boulevard in 2020, said Craig Beckman, area manager for the open space district.

Stanford University plans to speed up its vegetation management plan at Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve. Embarcadero Media file photo by Michelle Le.

Stanford University is also accelerating its vegetation management plan in areas such as Jasper Ridge, though the effort is hampered by a shortage of contractors available to perform the work, said Stanford Fire Marshal Aaron McCarthy.

"There's not a lot of people available to do this all as quickly as we need it done," McCarthy told the council. "That's something we're going to try to address as we move forward."

Stanford is now developing artificial intelligence technologies for fire detection. It is also evaluating the use of fire retardants in frequently visited areas, including around Interstate Highway 280, along Junipero Serra Boulevard and under power poles.

To help develop new technology, Palo Alto officials are proposing to use the city as a "test bed" that convenes different government agencies, academics, nonprofits and private companies.

"All of us really need to work together. This is not a single agency or single discipline challenge," Dueker said. "Wildfires in particular stretch everyone beyond their limits, even the big state agencies."

While the council didn't take any formal actions Monday, members strongly supported the recent efforts to improve coordination with Stanford and other partners in the region. They also supported recent moves by the Community Services Department to shut down nine barbecue pits in camping areas in the foothills. The city has not, however, closed down the 28 pits in the Orchard Glen picnic area or the two in the Orchard Glen area in Foothills Nature Preserve.

Burt and council member Greer Stone both said they would support a broader prohibition on fire pits in the foothills until the end of the fire season. Stone recalled last year, when his parents and his sister left their homes due to hazards posed by the CZU fires. After spending several anxious weeks with friends, they were relieved to learn that their homes were saved.

"My family was lucky. Many others were not," Stone said. "Driving up to their house is just always a heartbreaking reminder of those who lost their homes."

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As fire danger increases, emergency responders keep watchful eye on the foothills

City Council considers expanding ban on barbecue pits, using new surveillance technology to mitigate risk

by / Palo Alto Weekly

Uploaded: Tue, Aug 31, 2021, 9:56 am

With wildfire threats growing more common and more severe, Palo Alto is looking to shut down barbecue pits in the foothills, accelerate its efforts to trim the notoriously flammable eucalyptus trees and potentially become a "test bed" for new surveillance technologies that could help with fire detection.

The city is working with Stanford University and regional agencies such as the Santa Clara County Fire Department, the California Department of Forestry and Fire Prevention (CalFire) and the Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District to identify and manage risks in the vulnerable areas in and around the foothills that make up the "wildland urban interface." And as part of a recently formed partnership with the county, the city is now operating Fire Station 8 in the foothills seven days a week. On days where fire risk is particularly steep, crews extend their shifts at Station 8 from 12 to 24 hours.

Even these efforts may not be enough, city officials acknowledged Monday. The city's wealth of open spaces, particularly in and around Foothills and Arastradero preserves, could turn into a tinderbox, as it almost did a year ago, when the CZU Lightning Complex fires began to approach the city. During the council's discussion of fire management, Deputy Fire Chief Kevin McNally recalled being told that the wind will turn east and that they will be "hot and fast," forcing the city to consider evacuations for the hundreds of homes in the foothills.

"We prepped and we prepped and we started going through the homes in the neighborhoods and letting them know that something might be coming," McNally said. "We were asking them to fill out cards, letting us know if people were left behind."

Luckily, the wind shift never came and the crisis was averted. But as Vice Mayor Pat Burt and other council members acknowledged Monday, the city may not be so fortunate next time. Even with the increased investment in fire prevention and improved coordination between agencies, Burt suggested that the city and its partners need to invest even more in fire protection.

"We're facing a very acute risk," Burt said. "It's not good enough to say, 'We're doing a lot more than we were before and we're doing a pretty darn good job compared to other agencies that we benchmark against. The benchmarking has to be against the level of risk, and I don't think we're there yet."

The city's emergency responders have been taking some action to boost fire-prevention efforts, including conducting annual inspections to foothills properties to ensure residents are creating adequate "defensible space" around their homes. This includes removal of all dead plants and branches and removing leaves from their yards, roofs, rain gutters and other spaces within 30 feet from buildings, as well as cutting grass down to a maximum height of 4 inches within 100 feet of buildings. Earlier this month, staff from the Fire and Office of Emergency Services outlined these steps in a community meeting with residents from Palo Alto Hills and other vulnerable areas.

"The more that could be done at the front end by property owners to make their properties savable, the better chance we have of saving them on the back end," McNally said. "If we have three homes and two are well prepared and one is not, oftentimes we do the most we can with the resources we have and save the two, if the one requires too much work."

Ken Dueker, director of Palo Alto's Office of Emergency Services, said his office has also been encouraging residents to sign up for early warning systems such as AlertSCC and Zonehaven to get information about evacuations. They should also be prepared to leave even without an official order, Dueker said.

"Really, those of us in the first-responder community want to encourage people to not hesitate — not wait to be informed by some official channel, much less a knock on your door at 2 a.m.," Dueker said. "That's what we've been telling everyone consistently."

City staff also acknowledged in a new report that even the actions recently taken collectively by agencies, landowners and property owners in the the near- and mid-term "might not be sufficient to mitigate or prevent a major fire."

"As we are seeing now with large fires in California and other areas of the Pacific Northwest, the usual concepts of defensible space, fuel reduction, and firefighting can be obviated when such fires generate their own winds (fire weather) and become unstoppable by humans," the report states.

Other agencies are also stepping up their efforts to meet the growing threat. The Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District has recently expanded firebreaks along Montebello Road and it removed about 100 eucalyptus trees in the area of Page Mill Road and Skyline Boulevard in 2020, said Craig Beckman, area manager for the open space district.

Stanford University is also accelerating its vegetation management plan in areas such as Jasper Ridge, though the effort is hampered by a shortage of contractors available to perform the work, said Stanford Fire Marshal Aaron McCarthy.

"There's not a lot of people available to do this all as quickly as we need it done," McCarthy told the council. "That's something we're going to try to address as we move forward."

Stanford is now developing artificial intelligence technologies for fire detection. It is also evaluating the use of fire retardants in frequently visited areas, including around Interstate Highway 280, along Junipero Serra Boulevard and under power poles.

To help develop new technology, Palo Alto officials are proposing to use the city as a "test bed" that convenes different government agencies, academics, nonprofits and private companies.

"All of us really need to work together. This is not a single agency or single discipline challenge," Dueker said. "Wildfires in particular stretch everyone beyond their limits, even the big state agencies."

While the council didn't take any formal actions Monday, members strongly supported the recent efforts to improve coordination with Stanford and other partners in the region. They also supported recent moves by the Community Services Department to shut down nine barbecue pits in camping areas in the foothills. The city has not, however, closed down the 28 pits in the Orchard Glen picnic area or the two in the Orchard Glen area in Foothills Nature Preserve.

Burt and council member Greer Stone both said they would support a broader prohibition on fire pits in the foothills until the end of the fire season. Stone recalled last year, when his parents and his sister left their homes due to hazards posed by the CZU fires. After spending several anxious weeks with friends, they were relieved to learn that their homes were saved.

"My family was lucky. Many others were not," Stone said. "Driving up to their house is just always a heartbreaking reminder of those who lost their homes."

Comments

Bystander
Registered user
Another Palo Alto neighborhood
on Aug 31, 2021 at 9:11 pm
Bystander, Another Palo Alto neighborhood
Registered user
on Aug 31, 2021 at 9:11 pm

I am a frequent visitor to Foothills Park. It has many dead trees, trees with dead branches and even worse dead, rotting trees just left in place. All these things are fuel for a fire.

There needs to be forest management. It is not down to home owners alone to remove combustible vegetation from around their homes alone. The combustible vegetation aka dead trees in the forest must be removed. Live trees are unlikely to burn easily, dead trees are just fuel for a fire.


TimR
Registered user
Downtown North
on Sep 1, 2021 at 7:44 pm
TimR, Downtown North
Registered user
on Sep 1, 2021 at 7:44 pm

For those who don't know, since this story was a little unclear, Fire Station 8 is actually inside Foothills Park. So yeah, staffing that seems like a good idea right about now. Hope not too much petty bickering was needed to reach consensus on that.

As for the BBQ pits, they should all be removed based on air quality concerns alone. AQI maps always seem to show the area around the park with much poorer quality than, say, downtown. It must get trapped there or something. But more smoke from people feeling the need to cook outdoors is the last thing we need. Cheese and crackers will do just fine...


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