The magnitude of the proposed cuts is staggering, as delineated in a "preview budget" report presented to the City Council Monday night by City Manager James Keene and budget staff. If "structural" (meaning permanent or long-lasting) cuts are not made now, there will be far worse deficits in years to come, they warn.
The report lists 32 specific items ranging from $27,000 saved by eliminating the summer Twilight and Brown Bag concert series to $894,000 saved by eliminating the Police Department's five-member "Traffic Team." The list is replete with items dear to some Palo Altan's heart, including some seen as important to public safety or "quality of life."
The bottom line is that the $8.3 million gap must be closed before July 1, the beginning of fiscal year 2011. This is on top of $16.2 million cut in the current fiscal year's budget. Gap-closing moves included one-time transfers from infrastructure reserves, suspending planning for a new public safety building, imposing benefit reductions on employees and eliminating 21 staff positions (20 of them vacant).
Keene's preliminary list to close next year's $8.3 million gap actually totals $10.3 million, with another $1 million to come after more staff review. This will provide the City Council by June with $3 million worth of flexibility in making the hard choices that need to be made in the face of an unprecedented economic downturn.
"These numbers reflect Palo Alto's continuing fiscal difficulties in the worst downturn since the Great Depression," the report correctly points out. "Cities across California are in a similar, or worse, condition," it adds.
While that may be true, the pain felt by the needed cutbacks and new fees will be felt by those whose positions are cut, those who must pick up the workload and by residents faced with new park-use fees or assessments for sidewalk repairs in front of their homes. Bringing back to voters a "business license tax" in an improved, streamlined form is still on the city's long-term agenda, but no active work on that is happening after voters defeated such a tax last November.
A significant difference this year that earlier budgets were balanced mainly with one-time cuts, deferrals of projects or transfers from reserve accounts. Past balancing acts, dating back into the 1990s, rested heavily on deferred-maintenance — which invariably comes back in more-expensive ways.
This year the city has run out of alternatives for short-term balancing moves, and must at last address substantial "structural" cuts, meaning permanent cuts that are unlikely ever to be restored.
The magnitude of the challenge for the city staff, council members and the community at large is beginning to be felt. Keene has embarked on a series of neighborhood-level meetings to outline the issues and scope of the dilemma. Tuesday night he noted at a meeting in Midtown Palo Alto that there are no perfect solutions or easy answers.
Keene and his staff are to be commended for taking an aggressive approach to informing the public about the complex issues. At the same time, reaching 30 people at a time, such as at the Midtown meeting, is frustrating at best. (The Weekly will be putting video highlights of Keene's presentation on its community website, www.PaloAltoOnline.com. The budget staff report is at www.CityofPaloAlto.org as CMR:208:10.)
It is vitally important for residents to become informed about the realities of city revenues and expenditures before they launch or join a crusade to "save" a favorite program — or before they sign any petitions to give special treatment to specific services, such as the firefighters' union initiative-petition drive now underway.
A huge factor will be the fortitude of City Council members. Past councils have been unable or unwilling to take the heat for cutting popular programs or services in the face of lobbying or criticism from community advocates for one thing or another.
The collective ability of the council members to agree upon hard choices, when the budget reaches them in June, and to select the least damaging of bad alternatives will be a test of the fortitude of this relatively new council.
We hope the council is up to the task. It will be measured by its success or failure in doing what must be done — now, this fiscal year.